A Fault Level-Based System to Control Voltage and Enhance Power Factor through an On-Load Tap Changer and Distributed Generators

Ndamulelo Tshivhase, Ali N. Hasan, Thokozani Shongwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The on-load tap changer is critical for voltage regulation, however, its voltage regulation philosophy is suitable for one-directional power flow power systems. Since distributed generators introduce bidirectional power flow, the conventional operation of the on-load tap changer will be highly impacted, resulting in high voltage magnitudes that exceed acceptable limits, frequent voltage magnitude fluctuations, and the increase in overall reactive power supply when distributed generators start absorbing/injecting reactive power. Therefore, an adaptive control system is proposed on this paper that alters the existing voltage regulation philosophy of the on-load tap changer and also coordinate the voltage regulation capabilities of distributed generators with those of the on-load tap changer for optimal overall voltage regulation and the reduction of reactive power that flows through the power system, enhancing the power factor thereof. The proposed control system will change the centralized, and single-variable busbar voltage monitoring technique of the conventional philosophy with a decentralized, and multi-variable strategy that controls voltage based on the average voltage of the entire distribution network. The control system will calculate the on-load tap changer and distributed generators setpoints based on the overall average network voltage, average voltage deviation from nominal voltage, generators points of connection voltage and the total reactive power that flows through the power transformer. The control system was tested on a 22kV network modelled in MATLAB SIMULINK and the results attained revealed that the proposed multi-stage control system can successfully control voltage and simultaneously improve power factor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9360810
Pages (from-to)34023-34039
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Active power
  • distributed generation
  • fault level
  • on-load tap changer
  • power distribution network
  • power factor
  • reactive power
  • voltage regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering

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