A critical dialectical pluralistic examination of the lived experience of select women doctoral students

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie, Roslinda Rosli, Jacqueline M. Ingram, Rebecca K. Frels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to explore and to understand the daily life experiences of 8 women doctoral students who were in pursuit of their doctorates. A partially mixed concurrent dominant status design was utilized in this study embedded within a mixed methods phenomenological research lens and driven by a critical dialectical pluralistic philosophical stance. Specifically, these 8 students were interviewed individually to examine their lived experiences as doctoral students. The interview responses then were subjected to a sequential mixed analysis that was characterized by 2 qualitative analyses (i.e., constant comparison analysis, classical content analysis) and 1 quantitative analysis (i.e., correspondence analysis). The 2 qualitative analyses revealed the following 3 metathemes: adjustment (how these doctoral students made necessary accommodations with regard to all aspects of their lives), which comprised the themes of time management, interaction, belief, and lifestyle; encouragement (circumstances that motivated them to pursue their doctoral degrees), which comprised the themes of intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation; and discouragement (circumstances that demotivated them from pursuing their doctoral degrees), which comprised the themes of internal discouragement and external discouragement. The correspondence analysis revealed a fourth metatheme, namely, marital status (separating the single students from the married/divorced students), which comprised the themes of locus of motivation and locus of discouragement. Seven of these women doctoral students struggled to balance either dual roles (i.e., as doctoral students and wives/mothers, or as doctoral students and professionals) or triple roles (i.e., as doctoral students, wives/mothers, and professionals). Implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
JournalQualitative Report
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Critical dialectical pluralism
  • Descriptive phenomenology
  • Mixed methods
  • Mixed methods phenomenological research
  • Mixed research
  • Women doctoral students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'A critical dialectical pluralistic examination of the lived experience of select women doctoral students'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this