A bibliometric evaluation and critical review of the smart city concept – making a case for social equity

Chigozie Collins Okafor, Clinton Aigbavboa, Wellington Didibhuku Thwala

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to promote the idea that social equity is a significant objective that needs to be achieved to attain a smart city and further reveal the current research focus of smart city in relation to social equity. Also, it will propose determinants of social equity for smart city development. Design/methodology/approach: The first part of this study was conducted by reviewing ten existing smart city models and assessing their elements, in a bid to find a relationship between the existing smart city models and social equity. These models were sorts from scholarly publications such as books, journals and other related articles sourced from google scholar and Scopus database. To give more credence to this study, a second aspect of this study was necessary; this was conducted using a bibliometric approach, and the data was gathered from the Scopus database. Keywords such as “smart-city” OR “Digital-city” OR “Intelligent-city” OR “Computer-city” OR “Technology-city” AND “Social-equity” were used for article extraction. VOSview was used to analyse the bibliographic data obtained. Findings: This research revealed that studies that relate, link or discuss the idea that social equity is a significant objective that needs to be achieved to attain a smart city are low considering that only 48 articles were extracted, and most of the studies did not specifically focus on social equity in smart city development. Further findings revealed that the ten reviewed smart city models never linked or discussed the idea of social equity in smart city development. Additionally, this study revealed that emerging countries aiming to develop smart cities, particularly in Africa, are not paying much attention to the importance of creating social equity policies to attain smart cities. Practical implications: This study revealed a knowledge gap in the study of smart cities in developing countries. Governments of various developing countries can implement the ideas from this study by creating and applying social equity policies to drive sustainable development, which will positively influence smart city attainment. Originality/value: The contribution of this study is that it promotes the idea that social equity is a significant objective that needs to be achieved to attain smart cities. This study’s further originality and value lie in adopting a bibliometric approach of analysis that has not been used in this form in previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-510
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Science and Technology Policy Management
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Digital city
  • Digital divide
  • Smart city
  • Social equity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial Relations
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A bibliometric evaluation and critical review of the smart city concept – making a case for social equity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this