3D-microERDA microscopy of implanted H-distributions in diamond

S. H. Connell, E. Sideras-Haddad, C. G. Smallman, J. P.F. Sellschop, I. Z. Machi, K. Bharuth-Ram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The importance of hydrogen as an impurity in diamond is now widely appreciated. Its apparently vital catalytic role in the metastable synthesis of diamond, as well as its anticipated significance regarding the electronic properties of future diamond devices are two examples. Despite the relevance of hydrogen to both diamond growth and diamond properties, comparatively little is known about it, and it has proven to be a most elusive impurity to study. In order to gain a complete picture of hydrogen behaviour in diamond, hydrogen molecular complex information available by conventional spectroscopies needs to be supplemented by observations of the total elemental concentration. To address this problem we have developed a system to perform three-dimensional elastic recoil detection analysis (ERDA) with scanned fine focused heavy-ion beams that allows the total elemental hydrogen distributions in samples of known or carefully prepared histories to be quantitatively imaged. Details of the μ-scanned-ERDA system based on 25 MeV 35Cl beams are presented, and its efficacy demonstrated by comparison to the nuclear resonance reaction analysis technique in the study of implanted hydrogen distributions in diamond. In particular, a unique 3D image of a buried hydrogen layer implanted into a synthetic type Ib diamond has been measured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-337
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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